Urban citizens continually make a multitude of decisions related to climate-related risks e.g. extreme temperatures, precipitation, flooding, water and air pollution and their impacts and these are most often made without clear knowledge of locally specific conditions. With new technologies such as citizen sensing, there is an emerging opportunity for citizens to enhance urban resilience, both as providers of locally situated data (e.g. bacteria levels in drinking-water, infrastructure damage or ecological changes) and as receivers of specific recommendations of how to respond to climate-related challenges.
Lead Principle Investigator (LPI):
Principle Investigator (PI):
Jan Ketil Rød
Principle Investigator (PI):
Sara Santos Cruz
Principle Investigator (PI):
Inhabitants: 190 000, +23 000 including unregistered students that live in Trondheim
Responsible: Jan Ketil Rød
Description: annual mean temperature: 5.6°C, annual precipitation 890 mm. Example of challenges: flooding impacts, decreased slope instability, increased suspended dust from roads under low snowfall conditions. Possible climate indicators, direct: heavy rainfall; indirect: runoff in deviating pathways, erosion, discomfort/breathing problems from high dust levels.
Inhabitants: 140 000
Responsible: Lotta Andersson
Description: annual mean temperature: 6.3°C, maximum daily temperature: 34.8°C, annual precipitation: 507 mm, maximum daily precipitation: 130 mm. Example of challenges: stormwater impacts on infrastructure and potable water quality and heat waves. Possible climate indicators, direct: high temperatures and heavy rainfall; indirect: experienced discomfort/illness, breathing problems from high dust levels, mould or damage to buildings and infrastructure, water quality (bacteria levels), water levels.
Inhabitants: 237 000
Responsible: Sara Santos Cruz
Description: annual mean temperature: 15.2°C, annual precipitation: 1237 mm, ageing population especially in old central buildings, high influx of tourists. Example of challenges: urban flooding, a special emphasis, temperature extremes. Possible climate indicators, direct: high temperatures (day and night) and frost days; indirect: experienced discomfort and illnesses.
Inhabitants: 633 000
Responsible: Micheline Hounjet
Description: annual mean temperature: 10.4°C, average mean precipitation: 856 mm. Example of challenges: impacts of heavy rain events on critical infrastructures and society. Next to the physical impacts of heavy rainfall events, we will be investigating the mind-set of citizens having to deal with these impacts. There are many practical solutions that citizens can do themselves to minimise the impact of heavy rainfall in their neighbourhood or to deal with the event while it is happening. CitizenSensing will not only use the experience of these citizens with rainfall events to learn more about the impacts and how citizens deal with those, but will also measure if mind-sets might change when citizens learn about practical approaches from the other 3 cities in CitizenSensing. For this purpose there will not only be a focus on heavy rainfall events, but we will use extreme high temperatures as well.
Engage through the CitizenSensing app
Citizen Sensing Researchers Filipa Malafaya (University of Porto) and Tomasz Opach (NTNU, LiU) presented the Citizen Sensing project and demonstrated the prototype of the web app that is to be part of the Participatory Risk Management System – the main deliverable of the project at the 5th Nordic Conference on Climate Change Adaptation (NoCCA). The presentation, which entailed a presentation of the project objectives, consortium and the four pilot cities, as well as a presentation of the main functionalities of the web application, was part of the conference session “Visualization and gaming – making adaptation real”, which was chaired by three further Citizen Sensing Researchers, Sirkku Juhola (Helsinki University), Lotta Andersson (SMHI) and Tina Neset (LiU).
On the 22&23 October 2018, the Citizen Sensing consortium held their annual meeting at Linköping University, Campus Norrköping, Sweden. The program covered the reporting of the progress during year 1, the state of development of the web-application, results from early test sessions as well as the status of the sensor development. The consortium also designed a work plan for the second year and discussed central research and development related issues.
In July, Sara Cruz presented the Citizen Sensing project at the 2018 AESOP Congress - MAKING SPACE FOR HOPE, in Gothenburg, Sweden. The presentation, entitled “Citizen Sensing – Urban Climate Resilience through Participatory Risk Management Systems”, communicated the objectives of the project, the local strategies of climate change adaptation in the four cities and outcomes from the stakeholder workshops held to date. The perspectives of “Citizens as Providers” and “Citizens as Receivers” were presented as well as challenges related to the relevance and legitimacy of collected information, experiences and knowledge sharing and differentiated geographies.
In July, Filipa Malafaya and Paula Gonçalves, of the Citizen Sensing Porto team met with representatives of the Civil Protection of Porto to discuss possibilities of cooperation within the project. They also considered different types of information that could be articulated with the Citizen Sensing App (extreme events, alerts, reaction measures, amongst others) as well as how to best communicate this information in a simple and friendly-user form to the app users.
Tina Neset, Lotta Andersson, Pontus Wallin and Julie Wilk of the Citizen Sensing Norrköping team met with teachers in various schools in Norrköping to discuss possibilities for engaging high school students to use the Citizen Sensing App as part of their learning of Sustainable Development. The dialogue concerned how their involvement could fit the school curriculum and course content of climate issues and effects and what learning components would be most useful for teachers and students. Suggestions included a lecture for the students about climate change and climate adaptation, hands-on sessions with a moderated role play based computerized climate adaptation game, participation in monitoring campaigns in Norrköping to record climate events and effects and a prize ceremony where participating students receive diplomas.
Jonathan Strandberg (Foto 1) and Andreas Claesson (Foto 2), students at the Electronics Engineering program at Linköping University have spent 10-12 weeks each on developing energy autonomous raspberry-pi-based sensor nodes for Bluetooth and Wifi communication. This particular node detects temperature, Sound, Wind, Analog interface, CO2, TVOCs, Video, moisture, rain. Jonathan has focused on the development of a power efficient platform. Andreas has focused on how to support the system with power and energy. He has studied solar power, battery, etc., that are most suitable for the Citizen Sensing project. The sensors will be tested during summer 2018 in the Norrköping pilot.
Two project workshops gathered politicians, Porto University professors and researchers, journalists, engineers, architects and representatives of Porto Municipality, the North Regional Development Commission (CCDR-N), Civil Protection of Porto, Porto Digital (Municipality), Quercus (an environmental NGO), Porto Metropolitan Area (AMP), North Health Directorate and INEG. At the first workshop in December 2017, the Metropolitan Plan for Adaptation to Climate Change was presented and participants discussed different perspectives, priorities and degrees of risk. At the second workshop in March of this year, the Citizen Sensing project was presented and discussed. Participants offered feedback from their experiences from similar projects using sensors and apps and on the vulnerabilities of different places and groups. As good communication is the most important feature in motivation, they highlighted the importance of well-defined strategies of dissemination and participation. They additionally suggested that the developed app be user friendly, attractive and simple to use but also contain exclusive information and, in some way, reward the user.
The Citizen Sensing team in Norrköping joined the city’s Climate Adaptation Group for the second time this week. Three interest areas were discussed in more detail by the gathered experts: heat, intensive rainfall and sensitive ecosystems. Specific parameters that could be monitored with apps and/or sensors were identified as well as citizen groups that might have interest in joining the measurement campaigns.
The official ERA4CS kick off in Brussels, Belgium.
LPI Tina-Simone Neset (LiU) participates in the official program kick-off in Brussels...
The first stakeholder consultation with the Norrköping climate adaptation group has been recently organised in Norrköping...
7-8 November 2017, the consortium gathered for the first time, during the CitizenSensing kick-off meeting. The meeting was held in Clube Universitário do Porto in Portugal. Apart from the tasks to be accomplished in particular work packages in the first phase of the project, a detailed agenda regarding the design and development of the Participatory Risk Management System (PRMS) was established. Moreover, some information about the sensors deployed in Porto was provided to the consortium members by the local authority officers.
Picture of a sensor station in the streets of Porto [map]. The unit is equiped with for example a camera to measure the number of people crossing the street, a microphone to measure the noise pollution, thermometer and other components. It is connected via the city-wide municipal wifi. It is powered by a separate 220-V outlet provided by the municipality.
A total budget of about 63 Mio € was allocated for the call to support 3-year research projects. Among the 54 pre-proposals submitted for topic A "Advanced co-development with users", and 12 proposals for topic B "Institutional integration between 30 predetermined Research Performing Organisations (RPOs)", in total 26 projects were selected. Our CitizenSensing project was amongst those from topic A...
Let's begin, then!